PRIVATE MEMBERS’ BILLS AND
What is Private Members’ Business?
Lok Sabha, the last
two and a half hours of a sitting on
every Friday are generally allotted for transaction of “Private Members’ Business”, i.e., Private
Members’ Bills and Private
Members’ Resolutions. Every
member of Parliament, who is not a Minister, is called a Private
2. If there is no sitting of the House on a Friday, the Speaker may direct that two and a half hours on any other day in the week may be allotted for the transaction
of Private Members’ Business.
3. Business relating to Bills and Resolutions is transacted on alternate Fridays starting with Bills on the first
Friday of the session and Resolutions on the next Friday and so on. Private Members’ Business set down for the
day allotted for that class of business and not disposed of on that day, is not set down
for any subsequent day unless it has gained priority at
the ballot with reference to that day. Business
which was, however, under discussion at the end of that day
has precedence over all other business set down for
the next allotted day.
4. A member who wants to introduce a Bill has to give prior notice thereof. The period of notice for introduction of a Bill is one month unless the Speaker allows
introduction at a shorter notice. The notice is to be accompanied by a copy of the Bill and an
explanatory Statement of
Objects and Reasons. Standard
printed forms for giving notice of Bills are available in
Parliamentary Notice Office.
5. President’s recommendation, if necessary, for introduction and/or consideration of the Bill should also be applied for by the member. Where President’s recommendation
is required for introduction of the Bill, the period of notice is reckoned from the date of receipt of
the recommendation in Lok Sabha
6. Where a Bill, if enacted, is likely to involve expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of India, a financial memorandum giving an estimate of the expenditure involved has to be appended to the Bill by the member. In case the Bill contains proposals for delegated legislation, a memorandum regarding delegated legislation is also required to be appended to the Bill.
7. The primary responsibility for drafting of
Private Members’ Bills is that of the members concerned.
Secretariat nevertheless renders necessary assistance in putting
the Bill in proper form so that it is not
rejected on technical grounds.
8. After a Bill is complete in all respects, it is
got printed and circulated to all the members of Lok Sabha at least two days before the date fixed for its introduction.
9. Motions for introduction of all the Bills due for
introduction on a particular day allotted to
Bills are included in the List of Business for that day.
10. By convention, the motion
for introduction of a Bill is not opposed.
However, there have been instances when
the motion for introduction was opposed and also negatived by the House.
11. As recommended by the Committee on Private Members’ Bills and Resolutions (Third Lok
Sabha) in their Fourteenth Report, a member
cannot introduce more than four Bills during a session.
12. A member sponsoring a Bill can authorise any other member
to introduce the Bill, in which case the member who introduces the Bill
becomes the memberin-charge of
13. When a Bill is pending
before Lok Sabha, notice of
an identical Bill is not admitted.
Constitution (Amendment) Bills
14. Bills seeking to amend the Constitution, apart from being subject to the normal rules applicable to Private Members’ Bills, have also to be examined by the Committee on Private Members’ Bills and Resolutions and only those Bills which have been recommended by the Committee are put down in the List of Business for introduction.
Bills have been introduced and before these
are taken up for consideration in the House, the Committee on Private
Members’ Bills and Resolutions classifies
the Bills according to their nature, urgency and importance into two categories ie., category ‘A’ and category ‘B’. Bills classified as category
‘A’ have precedence over
Bills classified as category ‘B’ for the purpose of consideration in the House. The time for their
discussion is also allocated by the Committee.
16. The relative precedence of Bills in a particular
category is determined by ballot. One ballot is
held for two consecutive days allotted for Bills in a session. On the date fixed for the ballot, all Bills pending before the House are
balloted in the following order:
(a) Bills which have been classified as category ‘A’;
(b) Bills which have been
classified as category ‘B’; and
(c) Bills which have been introduced but not yet classified by the Committee.
In case number of Bills under category ‘A’ is
more, ballot of category ‘B’ and unclassified Bills is not held.
17. The Bills are included in the List of Business for
consideration in the order of priority determined by the ballot the result of which is
published in Bulletin Part-II.
18. The member-in-charge of a Bill, which secures a high place
in the ballot, may give notice of next motion that he wishes to
move in respect of his Bill. Standard
printed forms for giving notices of next motions are available
in Parliamentary Notice Office.
19. Only such Bills in respect of which notices of next motion have been received are included in the List of Business of Private Members’ Bills for discussion.
General Discussion—Motions after Introduction of Bills
20. The member concerned may move any of the following
(i) that the Bill be taken into consideration; or
the Bill be referred to a Select Committee of the
the Bill be referred to a Joint Committee of the Houses with concurrence of Rajya
(iv) that the Bill be circulated for the purpose of eliciting
On any of the above motions, the principle(s) of the Bill
and its provisions are discussed in general.
to Motions moved after introduction
21. If the member-in-charge of a Bill moves that the Bill be taken into consideration, any other member may move an amendment that the Bill be referred to a Select Committee of the House or to a Joint Committee of the two Houses, or that the Bill be circulated for the purpose of
eliciting opinion thereon by a date specified in the amendment. An
amendment to such motion can be
moved immediately after the motion is moved ie.,
after the mover of the motion completes his speech.
Consideration of Bill
22. After the motion that the Bill, or the Bill as reported by the Select or Joint Committee, be taken into consideration has been adopted, the Bill is taken up for
Amendments to Clauses
23. Amendments, if any, to a clause of a Bill have to be moved immediately after the clause is placed before the
of an amendment to a motion on a Bill or
to a clause of a Bill is required to be given at least one day before the date on which the Bill
is to be considered in Lok Sabha.
Passing of the Bill
25. When all the clauses and schedules, if any, of the Bill have been considered and adopted by the House, the member-in-charge of the Bill can move that the Bill be passed. The discussion at this stage is of a
general character and confined to arguments either in support or for
the rejection of the Bill as a whole. If the motion is adopted, the Bill is deemed to have been passed.
26. A resolution is one of the procedural devices to raise discussion in Lok Sabha on a matter of general public interest. A resolution can be moved by a member or a Minister. Resolutions which are moved by private members are termed as Private Members’ Resolutions.
Form and Content of Resolution
27. A resolution may be in the form of a declaration
of opinion, or a recommendation; or may be in a
as to record either approval or disapproval by the House of an act or policy of Government or
convey a message; or command,
urge or request an action; or call attention to a matter or situation
for consideration by Government; or in such other form as the
Speaker may consider appropriate. A
resolution must purport to convey
the opinion of the House as a whole and not only of a section
thereof. Moreover, the subject-matter of
a resolution should relate to a matter of general public interest, and only those matters
which are primarily the concern of the Government of India can
form the subject-matter of a resolution.
Intimation and Ballot
28. A private member who desires to move a resolution has in the first instance only to give written
intimation to that effect at least two days before the date of ballot. The names of members from whom such intimations are received are balloted and those securing the first three places in the ballot for any particular day allotted for private members’ resolutions are
eligible to give notice of one resolution each within two days
after the date of the ballot. Those resolutions, if admitted by the Speaker, are put down
in the List of Business in the order determined by ballot.
29. A separate
ballot is held for each day allotted for
private members’ resolutions. The dates and time for holding the
ballot are announced in Bulletin— Part
II before the commencement of a Session. Members who secure first three places in the ballot are informed
of the result of ballot individually in writing.
30. In order that a resolution may be admissible, it should:
(a) be clearly and precisely expressed;
(b) raise substantially one definite issue;
(c) contain no arguments, inferences, ironical expressions,
imputations or defamatory statements;
(d) not refer to the conduct or character of persons except in their official or public capacity;
(e) not relate to any matter which is under adjudication by a court of law having jurisdiction
in any part of India;
(f) not relate to a matter which is under consideration of a Parliamentary Committee; and
no reference to any matter where no ministerial responsibility is
31. Allocation of time for discussion of private members’ resolutions is done by the Committee on Private Members’ Bills and Resolutions. Generally two hours are allotted for discussion of a private member’s resolution.
32. When called upon by the Chair, the member in whose name a resolution stands in the List of Business
moves the resolution and makes a speech thereon. Other members and the Minister concerned may then speak on the resolution. The
mover of a resolution has
the right of reply.
33. A copy of every resolution which has been adopted by the House is forwarded to the Minister concerned.
Committee on Private Members’ Bills and Resolutions
34. The Committee on Private Members’ Bills and Resolutions consists of not more than fifteen members nominated
by the Speaker. The term of the Committee is one year. The Deputy Speaker is always included as a member thereof and appointed Chairman of
35. The functions of the Committee on Private Members’ Bills and Resolutions are:
(a) to examine every Bill
seeking to amend the Constitution, notice of
which has been given by a private member, before
a motion for leave
to introduce the Bill is included in the List of Business;
(b) to examine all Private Members’ Bills after they are introduced and before they are
taken up for consideration in
the House and to classify them
according to their nature, urgency
and importance into two categories, namely, category A and category B;
(c) to allot time to Private Members’ Bills and Resolutions for their discussion in the
(d) to perform such other functions in respect of Private
Members’ Bills and Resolutions as may be assigned to it by the Speaker
from time to time.
36. The sittings of the Committee are generally held every week during session period only.
37. Members may send in writing their suggestions
regarding classification of the Bills introduced
by them for
consideration of the Committee.
38. The recommendations of the Committee are contained in their reports which are presented to the House. After presentation, the report is circulated to the members on the same day. The motion for adoption of the Report is put down as the first item in the agenda of the next allotted day for Private Members’ Business.
39. On adoption of the Report by the House, the recommendations
of the Committee become an order of the House.
40. The Committee on Private Members’ Bills and Resolutions, generally speaking, performs the same functions in relation to Private Members’ Bills and Resolutions as the Business Advisory Committee does in regard
to Government Business.
[Private Members’Bills and Resolutions are governed by Rules 26 to 31, 64 to 70, 72 to 159, 170
to 183, 293 to 297, 348 and
358 of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha and Directions 3 to 9A, 19B to 32, 37, 47 and 113 of the
Directions by the Speaker.]